Chefs use them. Artists use them. Manufacturer and job shop project managers use them, too. When you have a project involving any number of materials or other physical elements, having a complete listing of those materials, ordered in some logical way, is a helpful tool to stay on-track and on-schedule throughout the production process. For chefs, having the recipe lets them know what material they need to complete a dish, and what materials to order should they be out of certain ingredients-as-inventory. For artists, the requirements to stretch, prime, and paint the canvas involve considerable forethought regarding material and material costing.
For manufacturers and job shops, the Bill of Materials (BOM) provides a complete listing or set of the physical elements needed to produce or otherwise service a product. BOM requirements dictate that all elements be included in order to provide not only an accurate cost accounting of the materials, but to ensure that parts, assemblies, and services are done with quality in mind.
To bring ease of understanding to the material requirements found within the BOM, it is formatted in such a way that each element (i.e., raw materials, parts, sub-assemblies, etc.) is clearly broken out and indented down to (more…)